The Hagia Sophia is located near the Topkapi Palace and Blue Mosque, which are all close-by to the Bosphorus river. Having been rebuilt three times and suffered through several earthquakes, the building is a classic example of Byzantine architecture with a huge 102ft wide dome standing 180ft tall supported by giant stone columns.

For more than a thousand years (360-1453) the Eastern Orthodox cathedral survived many natural disasters until the city of Constantinople was conquered by the Turks in 1453 and then converted into a mosque. The four large Minarets were gradually added over the years by various Sultans and the outside of the building was strengthen by the famous Ottoman architect Mimar Sinan.
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